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An Overview of Lord Venkateswara Temple at Tirumala

by | Oct 5, 2018 | Blog | 0 comments

Lord Venkateswara Temple at Tirumala Tirupati Devastanams is one of the most famous temples in India with more than 35 million pilgrims visiting the temple every year. According to mythological stories, Lord Vishnu assumed the form of Sri Venkateswara to save mankind from the adversities of Kali Yuga.

It is one of the richest and biggest gold reserve centers of the world. The temple is so popular that thousands of people visit it just for a little glance of the god ‘Venkatesh’ who is also known as ‘Balaji’ who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Almost each and every devotee who visits this temple donates something to the temple in the form of cash, gold, diamonds, ornaments, jewellery, precious and valuable items in the temple ‘hundi’.

There is ample literary and epigraphic testimony to the antiquity of the temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara.

History & Legends Associated with the Temple

There are many legends associated with the origin of this age-old temple. The larger than life statue of the main deity is said to have formed on its own, making it one of the eight ‘Swayambhu Kshetras’ (self-manifested image) of Lord Vishnu. Many ancient texts, including the Rig Veda mention the existence and prominence of the temple.

As far as the construction of the temple is concerned, King Thondaiman of Tondaimandalam kingdom constructed the precincts and the towering gateway (Gopuram) of the temple. He also made sure his subjects worshipped the Lord regularly.


Built in accordance with the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple has three entrances, leading to the sanctum sanctorum.

Mahadwaram- A towering gateway (Gopuram), measuring 50 feet high, is placed right in front of the first entrance. The temple has two circumambulation paths. While the first path houses many pillared halls, flagstaffs and a dedicated area to distribute the offertories.

Hundi- It is the second route that goes to the guest houses and various food counters have been recently constructed for the benefit of the pilgrims.

Ananda Nilayam– This is the most important part of the temple and the third entrance that goes to the inner temple of ‘Ananda Nilayam’ houses the main deity and was constructed around the 12th Century A.D.

Deities, Festivals and Significance

Many shrines reside inside the complex of the temple of many deities; the temple also has shrines dedicated to Lord Krishna as he is considered as a prominent among many Gods.

Apart from these deities, there are five principal deities that are present within the temple town

  • Tirumala Dhruva Bera
  • Bhoga Srinivasa
  • Ugra Srinivasa
  • Utsava Beram
  • Koluvu Srinivasa

Festivals are a common affair in TTD but to get to a precise number, 433 festivals are celebrated in a year, with ‘Brahmotsavam’ being the most famous festival among all.

This Blog post has been gathered and compiled from here.